Jaundice

About

Jaundice is a term used to describe a yellowish tinge to the skin and the whites of the eye.
Body fluids may also be yellow.

  • Acute inflammation of the liver
  • Inflammation of the bile duct
  • Obstruction of the bile duct
  • Hemolytic anemia
  • Gilbert’s syndrome
  • Cholestasis
  • Crigler-Najjar syndrome
  • Dubin-Johnson syndrome
  • A yellow tinge to the skin and the whites of the eyes, normally starting at the head and
    spreading down the body
  • Pale stools
  • Dark urine
  • Itchiness
  • Fatigue
  • Abdominal pain
  • Weight loss
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Pale stools
  • Dark urine

There are three main types of jaundice:

  • Hepatocellular jaundice occurs as a result of liver disease or injury.
  • Hemolytic jaundice occurs as a result of hemolysis, or an accelerated breakdown of
    red blood cells, leading to an increase in production of bilirubin.
  • Obstructive jaundice occurs as a result of an obstruction in the bile duct. This prevents
    bilirubin from leaving the liver.